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Resources: Scholarly Articles and Books


This is a sampling of scholarly resources to learn about Heavenly Mother.



Scholarly Articles


A Mother There: A Survey of Historical Teachings by David L. Paulsen and Martin Pulido, BYU Studies Quarterly.

Toward a Mormon Theology of God the Mother by Janice Allred, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought.

Nephi and his Asherah by Daniel C. Peterson, Journal of Book of Mormon Studies.

How to worship our Mother in Heaven (without getting excommunicated) by Kevin Barney, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought.

"'The Perfect Union of Man and Woman:' Reclamation and Collaboration in Joseph Smith's Theology Making" by Fiona Givens, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought.

"What did King Josiah reform?" by Margaret Barker, Glimpses of Lehi’s Jerusalem, Maxwell Institute.

"The Mystical Body of God the Mother" by Edward Jones III, Sunstone.

"The Mormon Concept of a Heaven in Mother" by Linda Wilcox, Sunstone.

"Heavenly Mother: Silences, Disturbances, and Consolations" by Margaret Toscano, Sunstone.

"God as Mother" by Carrie A. Miles, Sunstone.

"Is there a place for Heavenly Mother in Mormon Theology? An Investigation into Discourses of Power" by Margaret Merrill Toscano, Sunstone.

"The Mother in Heaven and Her Children" by Margaret Barker, Fair Mormon.


Scholarly Books


Did God have a Wife?: Archaeology and Folk Religion in Ancient Israel by William G. Dever.

Women and Authority: Re-emerging Mormon Feminism edited by Maxine Hanks. See chapters 1 and 10-12. Or read chapter 12, Emerging Discourse on the Divine Feminine.

Mormon Feminism: Essential Writings, edited by Joanna Brooks, Rachel Hunt Steenblik, and Hannah Wheelwright. See "Suggested Readings by Topic, Mother in Heaven" on page 310.

Strangers in Paradox: Explorations in Mormon Theology, by Margaret Toscano and Paul Toscano. See chapters 5-7.