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Many scholars have written about Heavenly Mother and the Feminine Divine. Their perspectives are wide-ranging, as are their affiliations. Whether they be devout members of the Church, members of other faiths, or previously affiliated/unaffiliated religiously, each can broaden our understanding. We respect each scholar’s perspective, remembering that each represents their own views and not necessarily the views of this organization or website.

Scholarly Articles

A Mother There: A Survey of Historical Teachings by David L. Paulsen and Martin Pulido, BYU Studies Quarterly.

Toward a Mormon Theology of God the Mother by Janice Allred, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought.

Nephi and his Asherah by Daniel C. Peterson, Journal of Book of Mormon Studies.

How to worship our Mother in Heaven (without getting excommunicated) by Kevin Barney, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought.

“What did King Josiah reform?” by Margaret Barker, Glimpses of Lehi’s Jerusalem, Maxwell Institute.

“The Mystical Body of God the Mother” by Edward Jones III, Sunstone.

“God as Mother” by Carrie A. Miles, Sunstone.

“The Mother in Heaven and Her Children” by Margaret Barker, Fair Mormon.

“Heavenly Mother in the Vernacular Religion of Latter-Day Saint Women” by Charlotte Shurtz, Intermountain West Journal of Religious Studies.

Scholarly Books

Women and Authority: Re-emerging Mormon Feminism edited by Maxine Hanks. See chapters 1 and 10-12. Or read chapter 12, Emerging Discourse on the Divine Feminine.

Mormon Feminism: Essential Writings, edited by Joanna Brooks, Rachel Hunt Steenblik, and Hannah Wheelwright. See “Suggested Readings by Topic, Mother in Heaven” on page 310.

Strangers in Paradox: Explorations in Mormon Theology, by Margaret Toscano and Paul Toscano. See chapters 5-7.